There are a number of learning options available and these are briefly discussed below.

Delivery type Description Advantages Disadvantages
Face-to-face delivery

 

The traditional classroom or face-to-face instruction is when the instructor and the students of an educational institution are in a place devoted to instruction and the teaching and learning take place at the same time.
  • You can ask questions.
  • You can discuss issues with fellow students.
  • There is ample opportunity for social interaction and support.
  • You have access to on-campus student facilities.
  • If you cannot keep up with the rest of the class, you will have to schedule extra classes, which could cost you extra money.
  • Due to time constraints in class, the lecturer cannot answer each and every student’s questions.
  • You will have to carry your textbooks to class every day.
Distance/correspondence

 

Distance learning is a method of studying in which lectures are broadcast or lessons are conducted by correspondence, without the student needing to attend a school or college.
  • You can usually also set your own pace of study.
  • It is your decision as to when and where you study.
  • It doesn’t matter where you live – you can gain a qualification from anywhere in the world.
  • As with a full-time qualification, students may find that they gain useful, transferable skills, such as planning and research.
  • A distance learning course often costs less than a full-time programme.
  • Distance learning requires self-motivation
  • Distance learning does not give you direct access to your instructor.
  • Distance learning is isolated.
  • Distance learning requires you to have constant, reliable access to technology.
  • Distance learning does not offer immediate feedback.
  • Distance learning does not always offer all the necessary courses online.
  • Distance learning may not be acknowledged by a specific employer.
  • Hidden costs.
  • Distance learning must be accredited.
  • Distance learning does not give students the opportunity to work on oral communication skills.
Online/e-learning

 

Online learning is education that takes place over the Internet. It is often referred to as “e- learning” among other terms. However, online learning is just one type of “distance learning” – the umbrella term for any learning that takes place across distance and not in a traditional classroom.
  • No need to travel, saving both time and money.
  • Whenever and wherever you like: early morning, while commuting or eating, during work breaks or in the evening. At home, in coffee shops, or on the train. Take a break anytime to give your mind a short rest.
  • Online learning usually includes pre-recorded videos.
  • No need to buy textbooks although some have optional texts.
  • You can speed up videos during easy parts, and slow them down to understand more difficult concepts.
  • You can pause videos while writing notes or re-watch them as often as necessary. Many courses also provide transcripts for their videos. If an interactive transcript is provided, you can click on a relevant section of the transcript to watch that part of the video.
  • If videos or transcripts can be downloaded to your device you will then have unlimited access to them.
  • In courses with dynamic discussion forums you can discuss issues with fellow students from all around the world.
  • Lack of accreditation and low quality.
  • Little or no face-to-face interaction.
  • More work.
  • Intense requirement for self-discipline.
  • Even more intense requirement for self-direction.
Blended

 

Blended learning is an approach to education that combines online educational materials and opportunities for interaction online with traditional place-based classroom methods. It requires the physical presence of both teacher and student, with some elements of student control over time, place, path, or pace.
  • Round-the-clock access to training resources.
  • A personalized training experience.
  • Better communication and collaborative learning.
  • Track participants’ skill and performance development.
  • Cost-effective training strategy.
  • The technology challenge – Infrastructure.
  • The technology challenge – Mentality.
  • Pace of advancement.
  • Negative impact on teachers – Overwork.
  • Negative impact on students  – Cognitive load.
  • The plagiarism and credibility problem.
Self-study

 

Self-studying, which involves studying without direct supervision or attendance in a classroom, is a valuable way to learn, and is quickly growing in popularity among parents and students.
  • Choose your own pace, materials, methods, everything is up to you.
  • Less stressed about failing in front of another person.
  • You don’t pay the teacher.
  • Its neither location constrained or time-bound.
  • Can take place from the comfort of anywhere.
  • Cheap or free.
  • You set the pace.
  • You can do it at any time.
  • No self-discipline.
  • No face-to-face interaction.
  • Lack of flexibility.
  • Lack of input from trainers.
  • Slow evolution.
  • Good e-learning is difficult to do.
  • Lack of transformational power.
  • No peripheral benefits.